Monday, May 25, 2020

A Comparison of the Relationships of David and Solomon...

CALVARY BIBLE COLLEGE A COMPARISON OF THE RELATIONSHIPS OF DAVID AND SOLOMON WITH GOD A PAPER SUBMITTED TO KEITH MILLER IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE COURSE SURVEY OF OLD TESTAMENT LITERATURE RP111 BY NICHOLAS M. HERTZFIELD KANSAS CITY, MO DECEMBER 2009 OUTLINE I. Introduction II. Early Life of David III. David’s Focus on God Before Becoming King IV. David’s Reign as King V. Solomon’s Early Reign VI. Solomon’s Decline VII. Solomon’s Later Years VIII. Spiritual Achievements of Both IX. Conclusion A COMPARISON OF THE RELATIONSHIPS OF DAVID AND SOLOMON WITH GOD Introduction In life, every one of us has been given gifts by God. Not everyone will be rich and powerful,†¦show more content†¦He was never afraid of the enemy because he knew God was with him, even when faced with impossible takes, Such as when Saul offered David his Daughter to be his wife, and not a dowry in exchange, but the lives of one hundred Philistines. David said he would double that, and he did, claiming Michal, Saul’s daughter, as his wife which Saul though he could trip him up with. Saul began to so David as his enemy, and David just kept a good attitude and all the people loved him even more. Most men, after being treated that poorly and almost killed by the man you were supposed to succeed, would already have killed Saul, or at least had him killed instead of waiting on the Lord. David, on the other hand, knew he would be king eventually and instead did something constructive and tried to learn to be a better king for the day that he would be made king. He even gives the extremely valuable sword of Goliath as a tithe to the Lord, And even though God does not exactly make it easy for him in this next chapter of his life, he never curses or blames God; he knows He has a plan. David is a shining example of what anyone should do when they pray for something and God answers â€Å"Wait.† David, ironically, was best friends with Jonathan, Saul’s son. Their â€Å"souls were knit†(1 Samuel 18:1) it says, which meant they were bonded and very close, in fact they laid their lives down for each other and risked a lot by staying friends. JonathanShow MoreRelatedThe Tradition Of Wisdom And Immortality And How God Rewards The Sufferings Of The Just1549 Words   |  7 PagesWisdom literature is unlike previous wisdom writings in Israel by its thematic approach and emphasis on salvation history and immortality and how God rewards the sufferings of the just. Through these narratives light is thrown on the struggles of Judaism in the Greek and Roman eras, upholding values and the fight against pagan ideas; monotheism versus polytheism (Boadt:1984) There are many examples of Wisdom literature found in the Old Testament including I Kings 20:11; Jeremiah 23:28; 31:29. HistoriansRead MoreHebrews, No, One Really Knows Who Is Or Are?868 Words   |  4 Pageslonger due to the sacrifice that was done by God to give Jesus his son as a sacrifice. (Hebrews 8:1–13) (Hebrews 9:1–10:18) Hebrews also mentions the importance of faith and how we should live with faith. Hebrews doesn t have main personalities as a storyline but mentions many personalities in the comparison that we should live by faith like they have. Abel, Enoch, Noah, Abraham, Sarah Isaac, Jacob, Joseph, Moses, Rahab, Gideon, Barak, Jephthah, David, Samuel, and the prophets. (Hebrews 11:1-40)Read MoreThe Debate Of Wisdom Literature2468 Words   |  10 PagesProverbs, Ecclesiastes, Sirach, the Wisdom of Solomon, and the Wisdom Psalms make up this literature. Job, dates from the tenth century B,C and has a philosophical and theological reflection on why the rig hteous suffer. The suggestion is that this is an orderly made cosmos and ultimately all injustices will be turned to good. Proverbs, written in its final form in the third century B.C. is a collection of aphorisms and poems within the relationship between wisdom, righteousness and religious devotionRead MoreThe Between Wisdom, Righteousness And Religious Devotion2462 Words   |  10 PagesEcclesiastes, Sirach, the Wisdom of Solomon, and the Wisdom Psalms such as 33 and 107 make up this literature. Job, dates from the tenth century B,C and has a philosophical and theological reflection on why the righteous suffer. The proposition is that this is an orderly made cosmos and ultimately all injustices will be turned to good. Proverbs, written in its final form in the third century B.C. is a collection of aphorisms and poems within the relationship between wisdom, righteousness and religiousRead MoreThe Story of Worship Essay6487 Words   |  26 PagesINTRODUCTION We were created for worship. From the moment God breathed life into man, he was meant to worship God. We are each born with the innate desire to worship. If we are not worshiping God, we are worshiping something else. God desires our worship for Himself. This desire is plain to see from Genesis to Revelation in the Bible. In the Garden of Eden, God showed His desire for a relationship with man. Even after man’s fall into sin and death, God continued to demonstrate His desire to dwell with manRead MoreThe Sanctification Of Jerusalem, By Mircea Eliade Essay1980 Words   |  8 Pagesthree major monotheistic faiths: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, which is why this city has an extensive history of being at the center of religious conflicts. Jerusalem became regarded as a holy city when people used it as a place to symbolize God and His presence as well as where He revealed his miraculous works. Mircea Eliade, a historian of religion, demonstrates his theory on how hierophani es establishes the basis of religion and how people see sacredness as something that is valuable toRead MoreBible 104 Worldview Essay6535 Words   |  27 Pagesbody of the story revolves around six cycles of apostasy, repentance, and deliverance. God intervenes time and again to rescue the struggling Israelites from military oppression, spiritual depression, and ethnic annihilation. The book of Judges derives its title from the Latin Liber Judicum, but the Hebrew title is shophetim. The verbal form (â€Å"to judge†) describes the activity of the various deliverers whom God used despite their personal challenges, oddities, or inadequacies Most of the biblicalRead MorePortrayal of Women in Sir Gawain and the Green Knight and Lanval1382 Words   |  6 PagesKnight he asks Mary for direction, and says, And Mary, thou mildest mother so dear, some harborage where haply I might hear mass, and Thy matins tomorrow--meekly I ask it, And thereto proffer and pray my pater and ave and creed (pp.2009). The relationship between Sir Gawain and Mary is strengthened in this work through the good and pure things that the Virgin Mary represents. Her picture on the inside of his shield conveys the strength and power she gives to Sir Gawain for both his physical andRead MoreEmotional Intelligence and Empathy in Leadership Essay example1702 Words   |  7 Pageswell. This research question was posed based on the findings of part one of the study, â€Å"Why do you think empathy was considered least important among the 10 leadership qualities presented† (Marques, 2012)? Results After careful analysis and comparison the researchers organized eight motives why empathy was not important to leaders. The responders felt that having empathy would interfere with ethical and or rational decision making. They perceived this emotion as a sign of weakness and thatRead MoreSchemes of Work in Cre5177 Words   |  21 Pagesable to:- |Question and answer |Bible |KLB Pg 5-6 | | | | | |Explain why the Bible is the word of God |Note taking |Lesson notes |God’s Pple Pg 3-4 | | | | | |Identify human authors |Discussion

Monday, May 18, 2020

Should Fracking Be Used For Money For Traditional Sources...

This house believes that fracking should be used to compensate for traditional sources of fossil fuels in the UK in the next 40 years. I am arguing against this motion from a social and environmental angle. Introduction: In order to comply with the goal to cut traditional fossil fuel consumption by 2050, the UK needs to turn to alternative types of energy. Fracking is a method of extracting shale gas from deep within the earth’s surface, by injecting large quantities of water at very high pressures. This water is mixed with chemicals, in order to free the gas by breaking down the shale within sedimentary rocks (Goodwin 2014). These rocks are impermeable, the gas cannot flow through it, and so it needs extracting via fracking. Currently†¦show more content†¦Fracking shouldn’t be used to compensate for traditional sources of fossil fuels as the UK already undergoes water crisis during periods with little rainfall. As a result of global warming, less frequent but more intense precipitation events are expected to occur, preventing groundwater supplies recharging because once the ground becomes saturated no more water can penetrate. Using millions of gallons of water per well is lik ely to result in aquifer depletion, as the rate of precipitation and runoff cannot replace the groundwater supplies used in fracking (Finelka, 2013). This could cause a competition for water, with different resource users wanting supplies for what they deem most important (Homme, 2014). Fracking companies will want the water for shale gas extraction but farmers will want it for agriculture and homeowners for cooking and drinking. Using the water supplies for fracking isn’t right when water is a vital necessity for human survival, whether it is for crop growth or drinking. We need to prioritise our water usage, and using millions of gallons of water for shale gas extraction isn’t more important than basic necessities. Fracking supporters argue recycled wastewater or brackish water could be used rather than clean water, but this isn’t always available in the quantities needed and in 2011 this only counted for 1/5 of the water

Friday, May 15, 2020

The Process Of Manufacture Is Different Per Company

The process of manufacture is different per company and varies greatly between not only company but cheeses as there are so many variables which can be used to alter the moisture, colour, texture and taste of a cheese. Bega has a simplified version which is easier to understand and eliminates much of the jargon normally used. The milk is milked from the dairy cattle either by a robotic or semi-automatic system. This milk is stored at 4 °c until the tests have been carried out to determine the quality of the milk and what type of cheese this would best fit. Once these tests have been carried out to ensure the quality and the safety of the milk then the first step is â€Å"standardisation†. This is where the components (protein and fat) are†¦show more content†¦Pasteurisation is the sterilisation step which is required by legislation to ensure that all pathogenic bacteria are killed to make the milk and any bi-products safe for human consumption. The process of pasteurisation is that of the milk being heated to a minimum of 72-75 °c (depending on the company) for at least 15 seconds. This kills off the harmful pathogenic bacteria. This process is done in a way so that the milk may be heated without burning the milk which would cause a taste and colour change. The milk passes through a se ries of plates under pressure; these plates are heated by steam that is used to heat water and in turn heat the plates. This in turn heats the milk to the desired temperature to complete pasteurisation. To cool the milk without freezing the milk, the process is similar but a complete polar opposite. The milk is put through another series of plates that are cooled by chilled water that in turn cools the milk to a â€Å"set temperature†. The cooling to a â€Å"set temperature† is done prior to being added to the cheese making vats. The vats typically may have a capacity of 14,000 litres each but may vary between each manufacturing site. By the time the last vat, usually the eighth) is filled then the first will have been emptied (the milk used), washed and is ready to fill again so that there is always milk ready to use at any time rather than all being ready to use at the same time. As the

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Obama Effect, Perhaps Written by Ellen Horne - 761 Words

The podcast I listened to on RadioLab is called, â€Å"The Obama Effect, Perhaps,† produced by Ellen Horne, and it portrays a conversation between two speakers, Jad Abumrad and Robert Krulwich. From this particular podcast, I really liked how Abumrad and Kulwich explained the difference between the radio shows and podcasts, indicating that podcasts were â€Å"less formal† (Horne, 2009). Personally, I find it better that these podcasts are conversations because it keeps me engaged and the style makes it easier for me to understand the speakers’ perspectives. Furthermore, I liked how both speakers were very enthusiastic in order to keep the audience interested throughout the entire time. Most importantly, I appreciated the beginning of the podcast, which mentioned the difference between the radio shows and podcasts, because it was a clever way to dive into the actual topic (Horne, 2009). My attention was drawn when the actual topic of the â€Å"Obama Effect† was introduced and this happened when Abumrad referenced the second paragraph of an article in the New York Times newspaper (Horne, 2009). This article portrayed â€Å"new research† about the â€Å"Obama Effect† and based on the article, Abumrad states that â€Å"performance gap between African Americans and Whites on a 20 question test administered before Mr. Obama nomination all but disappeared after his acceptance speech and again after the presidential election† (Horne, 2009). It is mentioned in the podcast that blacks scored â€Å"poorly† on these

Essay about Informative Speech - 720 Words

Topic: Thyroid diseases General Purpose: To inform Specific purpose: To inform readers of the dangers and results of a thyroid disease. Central Idea: The thyroid controls so many things in your body and if not well taken care of can cause major damage to a person or their life. INTRODUCTION: Attention Getter: One of the most unknown body parts in the human body is the thyroid gland. It can also develop two of the worst diseases. Credibility Statement: Your thyroid controls so much in your body and not many people are aware of what can happen if you get one of two thyroid disorders. Your thyroid controls most things from your sleep pattern to your weight to your heartbeat and more. Both disorders are nothing to overlook by no†¦show more content†¦b. Inflammation of the thyroid, having a surgical removal of your thyroid, or some medications are some causes of hypothyroidism. c. Like hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism has many symptoms. c.i. Fatigue, weight gain, cold intolerance, depression, and slowed heart rate are just a few of the many symptoms c.ii. This disease develops at a slow pace so most people don’t notice the symptoms. d. Women are more likely to develop this disease as well. The average age is 60 and up. e. People who have had a thyroid problem before, received radiation for a thyroid problem, or had surgery on the thyroid are most likely to develop hypothyroidism. (TRANSITION: Although you cannot completely get rid of either disease there are ways to treat it to maintain good health.) III. Treatment a. There are different treatments for hyperthyroidism a.i. Antithyroid medicine, radioactive iodine, and surgery are a few ways to treat it. a.ii. No treatment can lead to heart problems, weak and brittle bones, and death. a.ii.1. A person that decides not to get treatment can go through a thyroid storm, which is rare but dangerous to a person b. Synthetic thyroxine is the main way to treat hypothyroidism. b.i. Synthetic thyroxine is a type of medication that is the same at the hormone T4. b.ii. The dosage will depend on the age, weight, and other health issues of the person. b.iii. This disorder can be completely controlled by this medicine. CONCLUSION: SignalShow MoreRelatedInformative Speech Essay855 Words   |  4 Pagestype of speech would the speaker choose. Well chapter 13 contents the creative process for informative speaking. What informative speaking is how to choose a focused informative topic, how to conduct a research and informative outline? The chapter also contains how to organize the body, introduction, and conclusion of the informative speech. Lastly chapter 13 contents explain how to prepare to present the speech and evaluate and informative speech. In order to make a well informative speech the speakerRead MoreInformative Speech912 Words   |  4 Pagesï » ¿Informative Speech: The Causes of Homelessness Subject and Purpose 1. This informative speech on â€Å"The Cause of Homelessness â€Å"is very Inform able and worth listening to, because in today’s economy it could be you or me. Some seem to think homelessness is choice. I find this speech relevant to the world I live in today, due to the high unemployment rate, declining job market, and the economic hardships that families are enduring. This topic is not a broad one, but yet can be spokeRead MoreInformative Speech793 Words   |  4 PagesA List of Informative Speech Topics: Pick Only Awesome Ideas! Just when you thing youre way past through the question How to write an essay?, another one comes. Thats the thing students desperately Google like What is a informative speech? – and, believe experts, this is something youll definitely need some professional help in. Informative speaking is a speech on completely new issue. Tell your audience something they have never known! Now that you know the answer to the question â€Å"WhatRead MoreInformative Speech1497 Words   |  6 Pagesï » ¿ORGC 201 Informative Speech Assignment Create a 5-6 minute presentation using PowerPoint visuals. Make sure your PowerPoint follows the guidelines discussed in class. The purpose of the presentation should be to inform the audience. Your presentation should reflect a topic, theme, or issue relevant to your major. For ideas of topics, you may consider looking at issues of Crains’ Chicago, The Wall Street Journal, Bloomberg BusinessWeek, The New York Times, The Chicago Tribune,, TheRead MoreInformative Speech1451 Words   |  6 PagesInformative Speech Title: Child Care General Purpose: To inform Specific purpose: I want my audience to be informed of child care facilities Central purpose: I want my audience to be aware that they can save money I. Introduction Six months ago, corporate daycare facilities were cleaning out my bank account. I was losing the ability to pay for gas, rent and my utilities because all my money was going towards my son’s weekly daycare tuition. My parents could help me scrap on by here and thereRead MoreInformative Speech978 Words   |  4 PagesInformative Speech: How to Decide on a College Major Benjamin Ownby I. Introduction A. According to the National Center for Education Statistics in a 2013 study, college students changed their major an average of three times. B. Trying to determine a college major is difficult for us. C. Last Spring, I was struggling to decide whether I should continue pursuing a degree in Civil Engineering or change majors to MIS, an interesting major I had recently discovered. I continued to have trouble makingRead Moreinformative Speech758 Words   |  4 Pagesï » ¿Informative Speech with Visual Aids Outline Specific Purpose: To inform my audience about extreme beauty practices in different cultures. INTRODUCTION I. I am pretty sure most of you here have heard the old saying that â€Å"Beauty is Pain.† II. We wake up striving to look better or beautiful everyday more and more. III. That is because as human beings we tend to be very visual and observe the look of a person before finding out who they really are. IV. So, today I will be sharing with you aRead MoreInformative Speech981 Words   |  4 PagesINFORMATIVE SPEECH (David Hurt, COM 108) Low Pay for Women Compared to Men in America How much did you pay for your car? Did you know that the difference between an average man and women’s salary is enough to purchases a new automobile in America. Below I’m going to discuss the pay gaps, Educational aspects with men and women, and why this issue is world wide. 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Thesis statement: Gun control will create laws and licensing to possess a gun to help decrease crime and fatalities, but also people believe gun control is going against our constitutionalRead Moreinformative speech1255 Words   |  6 Pagesï » ¿ Title: Information Speech Outline â€Å"The Evolution of Animation† Subject Code: USEL 23 - Speech Communication Prepared For: Datin Minda Hassan Prepared By: Nur Rabiatul Adawiyah Bt Mohd Nor Kamarudin (1411170007) Class: Oregon Program: ADFP Summer 2014 Preparation Outline Informative Speech â€Å"The Evolution of Animation – From 2D Animation to 3D Animation† General Purpose: To inform Specific Purpose: To inform my audience the evolution of animation. Central

Influence Of Information System On Business -

Question: Discuss about the Influence Of Information System On Business. Answer: Introduction Information Systems in todays world are growing rapidly and it will continue to grow in future as it has lot of potentials in changing the scenario of current business operations for every organization. The Information System is a key player in the market as it helps organizations to improve retention of workforce and consumers and generating new leads. The areas in organizations where the need of Information System is major are finance and accounting, marketing, human resource management and other areas. The major function of Information System is to provide better business processes, strategies for competitive advantage and decision making process. The chosen company in this report is a small charitable organization named Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple (BMT). The Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple is a small charitable organization run by small group of people. The chairman is Sam Sharma and the growing demands for the business require the chairman to manage the business efficiently for future purposes. They are planning to adopt Information Systems for their organization and they need strategies and future prospective of the technologies. The report focuses on the brief explanation of Information System and its importance, issues related to the system, requirements and suggestions. The purpose this report is to provide solutions to the concerns raised by the chairman for implementing Information System and the related problems and issues with suggestions. The report will highlight the key points required to establish Information System. The first is Information System description and the role it will play in the organization. The second is problems related to business and system that are faced by Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple. The third is information requirements for Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple and its advantage in improving Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple competitive position. The fourth and fifth is specific Information System usage for business problems, decision-making and competitive position. Then, it mentions the requirements for fulfilling communication and collaboration of stakeholders with the use internet, intranet and extranet. The sixth is introduction of Change management and its use in Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple, and security and ethical issues are also discusses. The seventh is recommendations to the above issues. Discussion The report focuses on the major questions asked by the chairman of Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple and their solutions, and suggestions to him for the growth of business. The following paragraphs will discuss the solutions and suggestions. Information System The Information System has changed the scenario of medium to large Organizations from past few years. The Information System has ability to provide various functions which are relevant and can help in business growth. Information System is a vital resource for management of Organizations from small to large. There are basic components such as automated teller machines (ATMs), barcodes, kiosks and other systems which are common information systems for businesses (Stair and Reynolds, 2013). The small organizations such as Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple are growing in terms of business and thus they need to have understanding and knowledge of Information System for implementation. There are five phase in adoption of Information System in Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple. The first phase is the general idea of information system and then identification of the areas which needs improvement. The second phase is application of software and hardware in Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple. The third phase is business application for the improvement of business operations. The fourth phase is development process where planning will be done for implementing Information System. The fifth phase is challenges associated with implementation of Information System faced by the management. Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple gets benefit from Information System as it provides assistance and accurate information with minimum expense. Thus it ensures minimum loss in business. The accurate and relevant information of Information System in Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple will help to achieve desired goals and objectives with profit. Information System will help Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple to assemble, develop, accumulate, employ and circulate information through utilizing advanced technology (Peppard and Ward, 2016). Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple can utilize the potentials of Information System to ensure effective flow of information without any duplication. There are various types of Information Systems that ca n be utilized to earn maximum profit at lowest cost for Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple. They are discussed in the following paragraphs. Types of Information System The types of Information System relevant to Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple are Transaction processing System (TPS), Decision Support Systems (DSS) and Executive Support System (ESS) (Lipaj and Davidavi?ien?, 2013).This results in managing cost as well as efficient outcomes for Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple. They are discussed in below paragraphs. Transaction processing System The Transaction process System is a type of Information System that helps in making the transaction process easier and reliable for everyday transactions improving business operations. The Transaction process System working process is by collecting, storing and processing information. The Transaction process Systems is also known as real-time processing. The system is described briefly through an example of Coffee Shop (Sriratanaviriyakul, Nkhoma and Pham, 2013). The Transaction Process System gives benefits of processing more than thousand transactions at a time. The system is also capable of keeping records of every transaction done. The other benefit it provides are ordering and printing materials such as receipts, for providing shipping of order. Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple can implement Transaction process Systems as it can be used for online transaction processing where customers can connect electronically with the suppliers. The Transaction process Systems will help Sam to check the transaction data at any time at any place. The system will also help to manage the ordering of food products across all the temple sites as it will provide real-time monitoring of available products. The system will also help to store contributions from the clients and at the end of the year they get printed statement of their contribution. Decision Support Systems The Decision Support System is helpful tool for assisting Organizations workforce from chairman to manager in making decisions regarding any problems or issues. It has ability to provide internal and external data for Organizations goals and objectives. Decision Support System presents information in such a way that it is suitable for making effective decisions. The System will also help to identify negative trends of the existing business processes and it will provide better allocation of business resources for decision making. The Decision Support Systems has feature of representing situations in the form of charts and graphs. This helps to get a more summarized picture of the overall scenario of the situations existing in the Organization. The other major benefit is that it can analyze any type of decisions whether structured, unstructured or semi-structured decision problems. The Decision Support Systems usually serves the mid-level management and high-level management. The decision support system will help Sam in making effective decisions for hiring suitable people for various roles. It will also help Sam to hire person who are well suited for the particular role. Decision Support System will also help in maintaining and managing decision making for various meeting and how to maintain overall Information Technology setup costs and complexity. Thus this shows that introduction of Decision Support System will help the business growth by providing effective decisions to Sam. Executive Support Systems The Executive Support Systems is used for transforming business data and information into summarized reports for businesses. The generated report is used by senior managers for making long-term planning and scheduling according to planning to be used for effective future operations. The generated reports through this system are used in areas such as billing department, accounting department and staffing department. Executive Support System is used in conjunction with Decision Support System. The process is that Executive Support System generates quick statistical data to be used for decision making process through Decision Support System. The generated report is summarized and can be easily understood by the senior management to get an insight to the working of business operations. Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple can gain potential outcomes from Executive Support System. Executive Support System will provide a short and summarized form of donations, staff files, timesheets and meetings to the senior management that they can use it to make effective decision. The ordering of food products will also become easier as the system will provide day-to-day requirements of products that are necessary. This will then achieved by Decision Support System to make effective decision regarding ordering of food products. The financial situations will also be represented through past, present and future cost and budgeting of the organizations requirements. Problems faced by Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple is growing and opening of several temples at different sites has raised a major concern for Sam. The concern areas are implementation of Information System across the temples and their complexity and cost which are described in the following paragraphs. The business and system problems are correlated and can be described by analyzing the complexity and cost of implementing Information Technology setup in Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple. The first major problem regarding Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple is that the cost of Information Technology is high and complex to implement. This will require strong financial requirement and investment which is a major concern for Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple. The second problem is the safety and security of information shared across sites as it contains sensitive data of clients such as bank details and donations (Lipaj and Davidavi?ien?, 2013). This can create huge risk of data breach if not handled properly. The third problem is storage of data that is storing of data in a secure place. The fourth problem faced by Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple is related to food serving to more than thousand people in the temple. The food serving and ordering is done by traditional way and this poses problem. The problem is sometimes when temple run out of supplies there is a rush of supplying food manually which is hectic for employees of Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple. The other problems are related with implementation of above given different types of Information System. The available technology will pose concern for Sam as there is no formal training for the employees to understand the operation of technology. The lack of integration between existing manual system and advanced Information System creates problem for Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple. Sam itself has limited knowledge and understanding of Information System. Information Requirement The information requirements are necessary for Brisbane Multi-Faith Temples case as it will help to survive and compete even in extreme conditions. The information requirements are given below. The basic information requirements for Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple are keeping day-to-day transactions, and details of day-to-day sales and management of cash transactions (Sommerville, Lock and Storer, 2012). The requirement of knowledge-based system that will help and assist Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple in long-term benefit and impact. The implementations of information technology for information requirements are customer support specialists, system analysts, programmers, database administrators (Chun, Kim and Lee, 2015). Management information is necessary requirement for Sam to make effective decisions such as information of food deliveries and supply and its cost. Employees accessibility for interaction, coordination and collaboration tools is an important information requirement that can help to operate even when Sam is not present physically. The integration of current systems in Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple areas involving human resource management, finance department and production management. The above information requirements are helpful for Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple. This is because a computerized system that is Information System easily store, update, modify, delete and retrieve data for benefit of any Organization. Here, in this case, Information requirements play a major role in providing real-time processing and monitoring to generate reports and then access of these reports. The information requirements will help Sam and its associates to develop and operate entire operations at the temple smoothly (Tallon, Kraemer and Gurbaxani, 2000). This will be a major benefit for business growth. The food ordering will be handled better with the automated services in case of peak hours benefitting accountants from rushing here and there. All the information requirements are bonded together with a single service and that is Internet. Internet is the major source for the above information requirements. Improvement of Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple This section identifies improvements and enhancements in areas related to competitive position, business decisions and business problems of Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple. The different types of Information System discussed earlier in this report are discussed in this section relevant to the problems. The discussion here brings result for developing strategies for improving and enhancing the mentioned problems. The strategies for the problems are given in the following paragraphs. Strategies for Business Problems The business problems in Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple are correlated to Transaction processing Systems. The improvement in business problems can be achieved by using Transaction Process System efficiently. The transactions on daily basis are solved which will help Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple to organize their invoices, payments, orders and sales in the system. The transaction process in Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple is very important. The Transaction processing System has inbuilt security systems and it will provide safety and security to information that are stored and updated daily. It has major impact in future. This is because in future when the business will grow Transaction processing System will be capable to do multiple transactions. Adding to this, storage will also modify according to the size of transactions. The Transaction processing Systems are also shared across all the temples of Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple thus it can be accessed from anywhere (Sriratanaviriyakul, Nkhom a and Pham, 2013). Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple can also utilize Transaction processing Systems where all the logistics and statistics will be stored and user can access the data at anytime from anywhere. Strategies for Business Decisions The business decision problems in Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple are correlated to Decision Support Systems. The improvement and enhancement in business decisions can be achieved by Decision Support Systems. The Decision Support Systems will help senior executives by providing innovative ideas and solutions by analyzing the whole business process situations. It provides internal and external information for desired goals and objectives of Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple. The decisions for maintaining food ordering and supply and transactions are important and they are achieved through Decision Support Systems. The Decision Support System will help Sam to make decisions with appropriate information inputted in the system. This will help him to grow business in future with effective decision making. Strategies for Competitive Advantage The competitive advantage problems in Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple are correlated to Executive Support Systems. The improvement and enhancement in competitive advantage can be achieved by Executive Support Systems. The Executive Support System together with Risk Management is best strategy to improve competitive advantage. The Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple has opened new temples across different areas and thus they require lots of job for dealing with competitive advantages. The Risk Management linked with knowledge management minimizes the impact of future projects and developments in Information System (Alhawari et al., 2012). Executive Support System analyses the scenario of Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple data and information, and then transform it in summarized report format. This report is then analyzed for any risks in Risk Management System. The Risk Management System and Executive Support System both help in sustaining Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple and become competitive in the busin ess environment in present and future. The internal and external pressures in competitive advantage will be tackled by both the systems together that is Risk Management and Executive Support System. Stakeholders and their requirements for communication and collaboration The business operations are not only accessed by Information Systems, it also requiresa medium through which every technology and system can communicate with each other across the globe. Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple management needs to utilize the Information System properly to ensure success for the future business purposes. The Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple chairman, Sam needs to have medium through which he can interact, communicate and collaborate with the stakeholders including patrons, customers and employees. This ensures quick response and communication exchange without any errors. This can be achieved through different types of network which are used for organizations from small to large. The networks that Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple should use for communication and collaboration purposes are Internet, Intranet and Extranet. The Internet, Intranet and Extranet will help Brisbane Multi-Faith Temples survival and success in business environment (Gloor, 2012). Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple is a small organization which can be modified with the use of web knowledge through the use of internet, intranet and extranet (Palacios-Marqus, Soto-Acosta and Merig, 2015). This can be achieved with the consideration of workforce in Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple. Human resources play an important role in web knowledge management. Internet for communication purposes Internet is a basic requirement for any Information Systems and it is used from past few decades in every Organization. Internet is basically required for communication purposes across the globe. Email or Electronic mail is an important and reliable communication services which is available on the Internet and exchange of messages are done with this service. The Internet will help in communication through other services also such as pictures, documents, videos, blogs, social media and other services. Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple chairman, Sam needs to have Internet for communication as it provides communication without across all temple sites without having concern over geographical boundaries. The Internet will help Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple to reach the global standards by providing benefits in peak hours when there is a lot of rush and hassle. The Internet will help Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple to open online portals which will help patrons, stakeholders and employees to track their activities and make interactions smooth. All sources of funds and donations transactions across the sites of temple help Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple to track daily updates. The Internet will help Sam to operate Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple management from any place at any time. The online operation through the use of Internet will help to avoid confusion and ensure simplicity in Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple (Ajegbomogun and Popoola, 2014).Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple can also use Internet for advertis ing through social media like Facebook, Instagram and Twitter. This will help in growth of business. Intranet for Organizations collaboration Intranet is a private network that is used and accessed within an organization by the organizations staff. This network ensures the availability of information and services to be private and not public. This can be explained as information and services are not available to public outside the organization. The establishment of Intranet network is through Local Area Networks (LANs) and Wide Area Networks (WANs). Intranet is basically used for collaboration within an Organization. Intranet is used for collaboration to facilitate working in groups and teams to improve productivity. Intranet is derived from Internet and use Internet technology to facilitate its own function within an Organization. Intranet will help Sam to make internal interactions and collaborations among its employees to improve the functioning of business. The food ordering will also be improved and help to collaborate with the employees of temples in different sites to analyze and track the availability of food products. Intranet will help to communicate internally to track the existing development and to discuss future developments among employees and senior management in Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple. The effective communication and collaboration between internal stakeholders helps to impart understanding of internal and external business development. The collaboration helps in betterment of overall business performance and competitive advantages of Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple. Extranet for business services Extranet is a private network that is controlled by an Organization and allows access to authorized partners, stakeholders, suppliers or authorized people. The information accessible from Intranet is used by Extranet to allow accessibility to authorized people. It gives benefits of exchanging large volumes of data and collaborating with other companies for jointly developing efforts on business purposes. It connects with authorized stakeholders including customers, suppliers or business partners privately to provide access to internal developments. Extranet in different Organizations has security and safety systems to protect their information and which can be accessed by authorized person using User Id and password. Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple stakeholders are clients who donate for temple operations and food suppliers. The clients and food suppliers are authorized people who also need to get an insight of the business operation, developments and advantages gained. This ensures establishment of long-term relationships among the stakeholders and Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple. However, Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple chairman, Sam should allow limited accessibility of information to stakeholders including clients and food suppliers. This will ensure safety and security to information from going in the hands of unauthorized people. The installation of Extranet is costly however after the installation the cost of company in future business development will be reduced. Change management and proposed changes in Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple Changes are necessary to adapt in the current and future environment. It is an important part of nature. Changes can be anything, anywhere, any place and any situation. Change here is discussed in reference to Organizational behavior. Change that occurs in an Organization is either planned or unplanned and revolutionary or evolutionary. Planned Organization change is defined as the change which is regarded as strategic move by the Organization having objective of changing the entire business operation internally and externally. Unplanned Organization change is defined as the change which is regarded as unplanned strategic intervention internally and externally in an Organization. Revolutionary change is defined as changes which are related to leadership change and in a situation of any crisis. Evolutionary change is defined as changes related to convincing people and this change is not documented. Evolutionary changes are those changes which are done on daily basis and basically unpl anned. The above explanations of different types of changes show that Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple has changes that are both evolutionary and revolutionary change. Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple chairman, Sam is considering changing the entire manual and labor-centric system to technological system (Burke, 2017). Here, implementation of Information System is a planned Organization change which is needed for betterment of Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple. Change management is defined as a process which provides an Organization to implement changes that are pre-planned. There are various factors of change management. Change Management can benefit an Organization and at the same time provide disadvantages. The major issues arise when an Organization plan to change the entire system from one situation to another situation. Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple case is also the same where the change will impact the management. Implementing Information Systems in workplace might have to let go some of the employees of Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple (Pieterse, Canils and Homan, 2012). This can also affect the relationship with the previous employees. The suggestion for this situation is that the senior management should communicate with these employees in such a way that it imparts a positive message without hurting their sentiments. Security and Ethical Issues related to Information System The Information System implementation will have some issues related to security and ethics. These issues can be vulnerable at times thus it should be looked upon and should be tackled with proper measures. The security and ethical issues related to Information Systems are unauthorized access, hacking, virus attacks, loss of data, system malfunction and other issues. These issues can adversely affect any Organization. However, these issues can be tackled with proper and effective utilization of Information Systems. Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple also faces with security and ethical issues that need to be taken into account before and after implementation of Information Systems. The implementation of Information Systems results in sacking of employees which will break ethics of Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple. However, some Information Systems come with advanced security options that can help to eradicate security and ethical issues. The security and ethical issues are not only the result of malfunction of Information Systems but also due to human error. Thus there is a need of adequate training of employees and senior management to use the Information Systems effectively. The security challenges related to Implementation of Information System in Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple are hacking, cyber theft, data breach, unauthorized use at work, software piracy and viruses and worms (Laudon and Laudon, 2016). The ethical issues are breaking of business ethics of Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple and the ethics are e quity, rights, honesty and exercise of corporate power. Therefore, this issues need to be addressed as improper handling and using of Information System will result in major risks and hazards in critical situations. Conclusion Therefore, from above discussions it can be concluded that introducing and implementing Information Systems will help Sam and his Organization, Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple, to tackle their everyday problems. Sam appointed consultant to help him understand and get knowledge of Information System before implementing Information System. This step is taken to avoid any risk of present and future hazards as because with limited knowledge of Information System, Sam can be affected financially. The report focuses on how Sam can utilize Information Systems and its functions to provide benefit to Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple. However, technological innovations use such a creating an official website and a portal for Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple will provide functionality and at the same time attract security issue. The report focuses on demonstrating present and future actions and strategies to be taken by Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple and its associates to eliminate the present condition of thei r business. Therefore, Sam must take into account the strategies and precautions that are described in the discussion part to have a smooth business operation. Incorporation of new technologies will give rise to certain issues which will be a concern for internal and external employees and stakeholders. Thus, considerations of the above strategies are needed to incorporate Information System effectively. Recommendations The above conclusions showed that there is a need of taking proper precautions before and after implementation of Information Systems. The below points suggest some points which should be taken into account by Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple chairman, Sam, to apply it to his business operations and human resource management. To give training to staff and, internal and external stakeholders for proper use of Information System and knowledge of functions the systems provide. To restore sacked employees by giving training to them and making them utilize the Information System. To install security systems such as firewalls, antivirus and others security measures in Information Systems in order to provide safety and privacy. To advertise through online media such as Facebook, Twitter and other media using Information System. The Internet helps to do online advertising. To consider each and every factor of Information Systems before installation so that it will not hamper the future prospective of Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple. To upgrade and modify the Information Systems functions and operations in order to provide better security to Brisbane Multi-Faith Temples business operations. To fully analyze change management procedure before applying any changes within Brisbane Multi-Faith Temple as well as outside of the Organization. To check all Information Systems on a daily basis to keep track of every technology and its functions. It will help to alert any failure that can happen in future operations. References Ajegbomogun, F.O. and Popoola, S.O., 2014. The Influence of Self-Efficacy, Perceived Usefulness, Accessibility and Utilisation of Internet Resources as Determinants of Research Productivity of Lecturers in Universities of Agriculture in Nigeria.Libri,64(2), pp.155-172. Alhawari, S., Karadsheh, L., Talet, A.N. and Mansour, E., 2012. Knowledge-based risk management framework for information technology project.International Journal of Information Management,32(1), pp.50-65. Burke, W.W., 2017.Organization change: Theory and practice. Sage Publications. Chun, H., Kim, J.W. and Lee, J., 2015. How does information technology improve aggregate productivity? A new channel of productivity dispersion and reallocation.Research Policy,44(5), pp.999-1016. Gloor, P., 2012.Making the e-business Transformation. Springer Science Business Media. Laudon, K.C. and Laudon, J.P., 2016.Management information system. Pearson Education India. Lipaj, D. and Davidavi?ien?, V., 2013. Influence of information systems on business performance.ScienceFuture of Lithuania/MokslasLietuvos Ateitis,5(1), pp.38-45. Palacios-Marqus, D., Soto-Acosta, P. and Merig, J.M., 2015. Analyzing the effects of technological, organizational and competition factors on Web knowledge exchange in SMEs.Telematics and Informatics,32(1), pp.23-32. Peppard, J. and Ward, J., 2016.The strategic management of information systems: Building a digital strategy. John Wiley Sons. Pieterse, J.H., Canils, M.C. and Homan, T., 2012. Professional discourses and resistance to change.Journal of Organizational Change Management,25(6), pp.798-818. Sommerville, I., Lock, R. and Storer, T., 2012, March. Information Requirements for Enterprise Systems. InMonterey Workshop(pp. 266-282).Sommerville, I., Lock, R. and Storer, T., 2012, March. Information Requirements for Enterprise Systems. InMonterey Workshop(pp. 266-282). Sriratanaviriyakul, N., Nkhoma, M. and Pham, H., 2013. Osaka flower coffee shop: transaction processing systems.Journal of Information Technology Education: Discussion Cases,2, pp.1-11. Stair, R. and Reynolds, G., 2013.Principles of information systems. Cengage Learning. Tallon, P.P., Kraemer, K.L. and Gurbaxani, V., 2000. Executives perceptions of the business value of information technology: a process-oriented approach.Journal of Management Information Systems,16(4), pp.145-173.

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Cognitive Development and Individual Inclusion †MyAssignmenthelp

Question: Discuss about the Cognitive Development and Individual Inclusion. Answer: Introduction: The Early Childhood Education and Care framework in Canada is designed to provide care to children with special needs and understand their social, cognitive and emotional needs (Harwood et al., 2013). As an Early Childhood Educator (ECE), one learns the knowledge and skills that are required for program planning and execution optimizing proper children development. While working in a preschool as an ECE teacher with 15 children and another ECE, I observed that one child in the group had some sort of exceptionality. He was unable to recognize red colour when the ball was brought near to him as per the cognitive milestone in preschoolers of 3 to 4 years. At this age, children are able to name correctly the colours they are familiar. Therefore, the following essay deals with the cognitive delay facts and strategies to enhance a childs social skills. As the brain develops, children learn an astounding amount of things where they recognize their parents, solve complex tasks like mathematics, language imaginative play. The cognitive delay in children is compared against standards called developmental milestones. It is a developmental timeframe where a child gains the abilities that are normal at that stage. Cognitive delay in preschoolers hinders their thinking skills and ability to learn, think and solve problems (Schlam et al., 2013). They face difficulty in naming colours, counting and in learning new words. A normal developed child of three to four years is able to understand his or her name when called. However, they cannot speak, write or read their name, but has the ability to acknowledge. It affects awareness, intellectual functioning and as a result affects learning difficulties in preschoolers. They also face difficulty in communication while playing with others. The cause of cognitive delay in children can be due to one or more reasons like genetic defects, medical problems or the child was exposed to any toxin in the environment before or after birth. Genetic diseases like Down syndrome, autism can cause developmental delays or mental retardation. Medical problems occurring in newborns or sometimes due to some unknown cause can also result in cognitive delay in children (Bjorklund Causey, 2017). Parental stress also contributes to the cognitive delay in children when there is lack of positive support giving rise to behavioural problems in them. If there is high level of stress among the parents, it affects the internalizing behaviour of children especially mothers as they spend most of their time with them. This gives rise to child neglect affecting their proper growth and development. A language enriching environment is required that promote their proper language, positive cognitive behaviour and proper neurodevelopment. Apart from inconsistent parenting, low-stimulation environment affect language and intelligence in children as there is lack of receptive vocabulary and syntactic ability (Neece, Green Baker, 2012). Cognitive delay affects the developmental domains of thinking and poses learning challenges for the children in understanding, learning, and problem solving, remembering and reasoning (Moreno-De-Luca et al., 2013). The learning ability of a child to solve problems and in making reasonable decisions is impaired in cognitive delay and lack of growing competence. Children find it difficult in memorizing things, lack of reasoning skills and poor learning level. There is delay in motor development that reduces ones opportunities to explore and learn about the world and seriously have a negative impact on their language skill development. Cognitive delay also gives rise to language delay, as language is the internalization of thinking, self-organization and remembering. Two types of expressive difficulty that occurs in cognitive delay are specific difficulties in the development of clear speech and delay in mastering grammar and sentence structures. Cognitive abilities also influenced by l anguage delay as learning is acquired through language being the medium of instruction (Temple, 2014). According to Jean Piagets theory of cognitive development, during the age of pre-schooling, children develop cognitively and their play moves from simplest ones to complex involving scenarios and characters (Modgil, Modgil Brown, 2013). Play is not only about fun rather an important part of brain development. Delay during this crucial period can give rise to behavioural problems in children as they loses their thinking, judging and reasoning skills challenging their learning abilities. All these above facts need to be taken into consideration for a early childhood educator. According to this theory, every child is unique and they grow at their own pace and way. There are various developmental milestones and children complete these tasks accordingly. However, there are various developmental delays like cognitive delay where the child fails to complete these major tasks. Therefore, as an early childhood educator, it is important to know the facts about cognitive delay so that every ch ild who experiences cognitive delay can be handled in a unique way. Moreover, their challenges and developmental delays can be identified, addressed and supported successfully by the early childhood educators (Demetriou, Shayer Efklides, 2016). It is important to involve parents in the early childhood education and activities conducted at home as well in early childhood education as it supports child learning. At the preschool, parents involvement has lifelong benefits like establishment of importance of education and development of helpful social connections. At this critical point, early childhood educators should be involved with child parents that provide tranquil transition to elementary school. Various strategies are employed by ECE to involve parents so that they take an active participation in their child education. Inquiry into engaging child parents in their education is important as parent-child relationship and their participation in child-centred activities have positive outcomes. It helps in enhancing social competence, cognitive development, and ability to establish relationships, communication skills enhancement, vocabulary growth and comprehensive skills and positive engagement and learning. In early childhood education, it is important to inquire parents so that their support and involvement is encouraged for the child learning. ECE encourage them to nurture their children so that they grow up and experience success to become healthy individuals. For this, ECEs need to support families in child nurturing by working in partnerships based on shared understanding, mutual respect and cooperative decision-making (Essa, 2012). The first step in inquiring parents is to build a supportive relationship with them. For this, it is important to understand them, their feelings and concerns. Personal contact is required to know about the parents and helps to alleviate apprehension, as it is a new experience for them. Personal information is required about parents through questionnaire that highlight their concerns, interests and needs. It is important to understand individual families so that it is easy to understand and respond to their needs. Family configuration, challenges and background information is required that would help teachers to capitalize on the parents strengths. Parents who genuinely cares for their child and want them to be successful in their life would willingly help and share their information (Gordon Browne, 2013). The second area of inquiry is the consideration of practical needs of the parents. The flexibility in the scheduling of school events, conferences and other participation opportunities increases the parents involvement in their child learning. This is a tough job for the ECE, as it requires special efforts to be in contact with parents. Open dialogue between parents and ECE is important that would be helpful in knowing about the parents involvement in child learning. The third inquiry about parents is their perspectives about importance of child learning at school and home. The involvement of parents in early childhood learning provides one-to-one attention for every individual child while parents and ECE work in partnerships with each other. It is also important to know the kind of learning environment provided by parents at home like play learning or verbal communication with their children. This is crucial as sharing expertise and views on topics and themes regarding enriching environment help in supporting child proper growth and development. This is vital, as parents are the ones who can help early childhood educators to support and work in providing the best learning experiences for their child (Morrison, 2013). To build a strong relationship with parents, ECEs communicate in an efficient and transparent manner. The open-ended questions answering the concerns of parents and bring about their intention where a parent cares about the future of their child. One-way communication where the parents need to be informed in the form of newsletters, handbooks or take-away notes. Two-way communication is also important where there would be sharing of information, feelings, concerns between ECE and parents. It is essential for building rapport, understanding, trust and mutual respect that would provide a sense of collaboration between them. This can be done through phone calls, home visits, brief conversations, conferences during pick-up or drop-off times (Allen Cowdery, 2014). To foster childs social skills, ECEs employ evidence-based tips for the social development in children. Friendship skills are a way to make children value friends and learn a lifelong social skill. When children play in small groups, they are able to offer suggestions, ideas and exchange ideas. Sharing is caring and when they work in groups, children learn many qualities like how to apologize, give compliments and know about each other. Another strategy is to inculcate emotional literacy in them by talking about emotions in classrooms. In this manner, they are able to recognize their emotions and others and develop ability to express and regulate their emotions (Jones, Bouffard Weissbourd, 2013). References Allen, E. K., Cowdery, G. E. (2014).The exceptional child: Inclusion in early childhood education. Nelson Education. Bjorklund, D. F., Causey, K. B. (2017).Children's thinking: Cognitive development and individual differences. SAGE Publications. Demetriou, A., Shayer, M., Efklides, A. (Eds.). (2016).Neo-Piagetian theories of cognitive development: Implications and applications for education. Routledge. Essa, E. L. (2012).Introduction to early childhood education. Cengage Learning. Gordon, A. M., Browne, K. W. (2013).Beginnings beyond: Foundations in early childhood education. Cengage learning. Harwood, D., Klopper, A., Osanyin, A., Vanderlee, M. L. (2013). Its more than care: early childhood educators concepts of professionalism.Early years,33(1), 4-17. Jones, S. M., Bouffard, S. M., Weissbourd, R. (2013). Educators' social and emotional skills vital to learning.Phi Delta Kappan,94(8), 62-65. Modgil, S., Modgil, C., Brown, G. (Eds.). (2013).Jean Piaget. Routledge. Moreno-De-Luca, A., Myers, S. M., Challman, T. D., Moreno-De-Luca, D., Evans, D. W., Ledbetter, D. H. (2013). Developmental brain dysfunction: revival and expansion of old concepts based on new genetic evidence.The Lancet Neurology,12(4), 406-414. Morrison, G. S. (2013).Fundamentals of early childhood education. Pearson Higher Ed. Neece, C. L., Green, S. A., Baker, B. L. (2012). Parenting stress and child behavior problems: A transactional relationship across time.American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities,117(1), 48-66. Schlam, T. R., Wilson, N. L., Shoda, Y., Mischel, W., Ayduk, O. (2013). Preschoolers' delay of gratification predicts their body mass 30 years later.The Journal of pediatrics,162(1), 90-93. Temple, C. (2014).Developmental cognitive neuropsychology. Psychology Press.